Amy Fires Bonanno, Deterring violent extremism in America by utilizing good counter-radicalization practices from abroad: a policy perspective, Master’s Thesis, March 2017, Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey, California.
The problem of violent extremism is approaching a critical point in America. American government and community leaders must find an effective approach to deterring violent extremism immediately. A national and comprehensive approach to deter violent extremism in America is currently lacking. This comparative policy perspective seeks to determine whether the United Kingdom and Australia have good practices to deter violent extremism that can be useful in America. Secondly, this thesis also seeks to determine whether the United States can implement potential good practices to deter violent extremism. After a thorough review of the issue of violent extremism in America, this thesis studies similar background, research, and violent extremism issues in the United Kingdom and Australia. This thesis concludes that a variety of good practices in the United Kingdom and Australia can counter radicalize and deter violent extremists in America. The findings and recommendations from this research include challenges and a way forward to implement certain potential best practices for the United States. The arguments offer viable options and alternatives that the United States should consider when creating a national deterring-violent-extremism strategy. The details and information regarding understanding and implementing good practices to deter violent extremism in America are contained in this thesis.
Bijan P. Karimi, Security and Prosperity: Re-examining the Connection between Economic, Homeland and National Security, Master’s Thesis, September 2015, Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey, California.
What is the relationship between economic, homeland, and national security? This question drove the investigation of journal articles and federal doctrine to determine the answer. Through qualitative and quantitative research, I explored definitions, examined connections, and made observations. From this effort I found that the definitions for these security elements are cloudy; furthermore, the relationships between the elements are primarily described in relation to the elements explored but not in the context of the security environment, which plays a significant role. Key findings include: 1) there is not a balanced relationship between economic security, homeland security, and national security; 2) the security relationship is an uneven overlap of the elements; and 3) metamorphic forces shape the security relationships. All combined, when some security decisions are being made they lead to unintended consequences. To align national security efforts, the focus should be on discussion the nation’s health through the lens of security and prosperity. The first steps to accomplishing this goal are: 1) develop a national narrative, 2) integrate Department of Homeland Security and Department of Defense, 3) create a Department of Prosperity, 4) continue combating violence and extremism and, 5) continue promoting prosperity abroad.
Brian P. Ravert, Protecting America through Better Civic Education, Master’s Thesis, September 2013, Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey, California.
A civic education curriculum that provides for the foundations of our youths’ individual and collective identity may significantly contribute to the preservation of our democracy and enhance homeland security. Through a civic education, students can enhance their grasp of the concepts of our American representative democracy and learn the tenets of good citizenship, critical thinking, and the ability to self-govern.
Kees Thompson, Ending the “Catch and Release” Game: Enhancing International Efforts to Prosecute Somali Pirates under Universal Jurisdiction, Senior Thesis for the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, April 3, 2013.
The recent reemergence of maritime piracy off the Horn of Africa has posed an alarming quandary for policymakers, military leaders, diplomats, and legal experts alike. The challenge calls for international leadership that balances both military strength and measured regional engagement. In this thesis, Thompson examines the economic and humanitarian crisis, identifies its historical and cultural roots, highlights the operational and geopolitical obstacles to its resolution, and presents diplomatic and legal enhancements to the current international response. Reflecting the principles and conclusions presented in A National Strategic Narrative, the thesis advances the United States as a champion of recognizing common security interests among international partners and of respecting the rule of law in the increasingly open system of global engagement.
Jerry T. Monier, Jr., Clarifying Resilience in the Context of Homeland Security, The concept of resilience recommended by this thesis establishes a directional heading for the homeland security practitioner. Master’s Thesis, March 2013, Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey, California.
Josh Bachner, The Flip Side of the COIN-The US Role in Stability Operations, Senior Thesis for the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, April 3, 2013.
In the spirit of the National Strategic Narrative, this thesis aims to refocus a US grand strategy to deal with new realities and opportunities. It examines a number of post-conflict situations to determine what lessons can be learned on how to approach post-conflict and pre-conflict stability operations for future efforts if, and more likely when, they become necessary. Too often, the United States has failed to capitalize on the lessons learned from its previous stabilization engagements, build on successful practices, or avoid predictable pitfalls. By analyzing several case studies in-depth, including US efforts in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Iraq, Bachner proposes a framework for the US government to use in stabilization operations. These lessons stress the need for changes not only in the implementation of US policy, but also in the organization of the US government itself. Bachner concludes that the Bureau for Conflict and Stabilization Operations should be enhanced to manage stabilization efforts and the US should develop constabulary capabilities via the National Guard.
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IS CHANGE REQUIRED? AN ECONOMIC CASE STUDY OF THE RISE AND FALL OF EMPIRES, AND WHY A NATIONAL STRATEGIC NARRATIVE COULD CHANGE THE FATE OF THE UNITED STATES EMPIRE Master’s Thesis by Jonathan D. Cirillo, December 2011, Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey California
MILITARY INNOVATION IN THE RISE AND FALL OF GREAT POWERS: LESSONS FOR AMERICA Master’s Thesis by Benjamin A. Taylor, June 2011, Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey, California